Not all language struggles are of those fighting for their own state
Silesians aim for the recognisition of Silesian as a regional language
Sardinian is the language used by parents to teach their children to express themselves.
Sardinian has become the language of primary socialization
20 years have elapsed since the Spanish Civil Guard wielding their guns shut down the daily Euskaldunon Egunkaria, that way crushing the only daily written in Basque. Besides closing the newspaper, 10 staff members were subject to detention, torture and charged with ‘terrorism’.
The Basque Country was home to different kinds of violence during the period. ETA staged one such violence in response to the Spanish occupation. The Spanish state carried out violence in a dimension that could only be expected in colonial situations, i.e. persecution of Basque language activism, outlawing of political parties, the closure of media outlets, demonstrations banned, arrest and imprisonment of political leaders, etc. The whole scope of Basque culture came under suspicion, with the Spanish state committing a variety of abuses under the fanciful banner of “Everything is ETA” that paved the grounds to the violent attack on Euskaldunon Egunkaria.
Several years on after the closure of the media outlet, in 2010, the very Spanish Justice and Administration decided that the detentions of 10 paper staff were actually groundless, determining this time that they held no ties with ETA. In 2012, the European Court of Human Rights condemned Spain for failing to launch a probe on the newspaper’s director Martxelo Otamendi’s torture allegations.
The daughter of one of the 10 arrested workers of the Basque newspaper wrote an emotional article 5 years ago (on the 15th anniversary of those sad events) for the Basque nationalist group "Naziogintza". With the express authorization of Naziogintza (www.naziogintza.eus) we reproduce that article.
In Brittany as elsewhere, visibility in public space has been an essential factor in language revitalisation.
Under french rule, Breton and Gallo speakers have suffered intense government discrimination.
Portuguese, the historical language of the nation of Galiza in the spanish state is by no means a "small" language, in the predatory logic of language domination.
Only collective political action could reverse the current loss
New initiatives such as ikastolas (Basque language school) have attempted to establish an immersive Corsican education.
The Corsican language is the illegitimate, surprise child, of the imposing of French on the island.
'Ha estat tot un honor que el MHP Alex Salmond hagi acceptat la invitació, calia esmenar una narrativa catalana poc honesta sobre l'autodeterminació i el referèndum d'Escòcia' Anna Arqué.
It is said that mountains separate communities and nations, but mountains can also unite them. This happened on the night of 2 July 2022, when the Basque and Catalan Peoples held a joint event (Pyrenean Way, Pirinioetako Bidea in Basque and Via Pirinenca in Catalan), an event to light up more than 300 peaks in the Pyrenees, from the Atlantic Ocean (Basque Country) to the Mediterranean (Catalonia), forming a 440-kilometre line of light. A spectacular event, to demand the right of self-determination for Catalonia and the Basque Country, and, by extension, for all stateless nations in Europe.
Language and Education is a 'hot topic' for many european countries and milions of European citizens.
Europeans whose national languages have to struggle with both: the increasing anglicisation of the educational system and/or the state violence suffered in a daily basis without an independent state of their own to defend their culture.
It took half a century before the first steps were taken and the complete Dutchification of Flanders took more than a hundred years.
After the struggle for Dutch, now against English?
If you want peace, prepare for war