In June 2016, the second wave of referendums on the independence of the Basque Country was held.
A delegation of ICEC was present as international observers, in some of the towns where the popular referendums were held. In that second wave, 34 popular referendums were held in Basque country, with a population of about 150,000 inhabitants; the average participation was 31.35%. It must be said that the first of the consultations on independence was held in 2014 in Etxarri-Aranatz, with Anna Arqué also attending as an observer.
Side note: from 2014 to 2018 independence consultations were held in the Basque Country (provinces of Gipuzkoa, Bizkaia, Nafarroa and Araba; no independence consultations were held in the Northern Basque Country, under French rule). In total, in those years, referendums on independence were held in 309 Basque towns, with the turnout varying according to the town. The total average turnout was 19.75%.